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What are the Different Parts of a Roof Called?

Keeping a "roof over your head" is a well-worn phrase, but how much do you know about the anatomy of your roof? I expect you rarely give it a second thought. Why would you. So long as it's doing its job and keeping your home warm and dry, out of sight is out of mind.

However, it's worth becoming familiar with the components and functions of your roof as, inevitably, one day you'll need the services of a professional roofer to, let's say, fix a leak, repoint a chimney or replace a tile.

This handy guide will help you recognise a soffit from a bargeboard and a valley from a ridge.

Different parts of a roof  - infographic

Roof Components in More Detail


Of all the components of a roof, perhaps guttering is the most well known. These thin, narrow troughs are designed to channel rainwater away from a property and into the drainage system

We recommend uPVC guttering systems as these are suitable for most properties and will provide you with a robust and long-lasting drainage solution. Plus uPVC guttering comes in a range of attractive colours and styles so that you can find the perfect look for your home.


Fascias are long, straight boards that run along the side of your house and are positioned just under the roof's edge where it joins the wall. Guttering is often fixed directly onto the fascia board.

It is also used to protect the roof trusses found at the end of a property.


Soffits are tucked away under the rear edge of the fascia board, sealing the eaves and covering the rafter beams. They help ventilate a property and enhance the look.


Roof valleys are commonly made from lead, concrete or fibreglass and are formed where two sloping roofs meet. Their purpose is to channel rainwater into the gutter.


The ridge is the peak or highest point on a roof.


This is a pipe that directs all the rainwater collected by the guttering into a drainage system.They are often located at either end or in the centre of the gutter run.

Other names include drain spout, roof drain pipe or leader.


Bargeboards protect the timbers and are really just fascias located at the sloping end of a roof. The bit where the bargeboard joins the fascia is known as the Box End.

Professional Roofing Services in Cambridge

If you are worried about any aspect of your roof, including problems with your guttering, book an inspection by a reputable roofer as soon as possible. Catching problems early will prevent big repair bills in the future.

For all roofing work contact Browns Roofing for a fast, free no obligation quote

Further Reading

Your Guide to uPVC Guttering

Why choose uPVC Guttering, Soffits and Fascias?


Roofing, Roof Repairs. Roofline & Guttering Repair & Replacement in Cambridge

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